Harbor Freight Auto-Darkening Solar Welding Helmet Repair

by on Sep.26, 2011, under Tutorials

A little over a year ago, I purchased one of Harbor Freight’s auto-darkening welding helmets.  For $50, it’s a great deal.


Unfortunately, after less than a year of use, it simply stopped working.  Somewhat ironically, the way you find out that your helmet has stopped working is by getting a flash burn in your eyes when you weld using a broken helmet.

One of the guys in my welding class mentioned that there are batteries in the helmet which can go bad over time.  Batteries in a solar-powered helmet?  Clearly this guy was nuts — but I thought I’d check it out anyway.

Turns out, he wasn’t crazy.  There are two CR2330 coin cells soldered directly to the main circuit board inside of the unit:

batteryChecking the batteries with my voltmeter, I quickly discovered that one of them was completely dead.  The other battery was still putting out a solid 3VDC.

Since soldering in batteries every time they go dead is not exactly a user-friendly solution, I decided to replace them with AAA’s.  Here’s the procedure.

1)  Remove the darkness adjustment knob by gently prying it off with a screwdriver.  Un-screw the plastic nut which holds the unit in place.

2)  Remove the clear plastic shield from the front of the helmet, and then gently remove the electronics assembly by unhooking the retaining spring.

3)  Use a utility knife to pop open one corner of the enclosure.  Work your way around the circumference with a screwdriver, breaking apart the plastic weld, until the cover can be removed.

4) Mark the locations of the (+) and (-) of each coin cell.  Using your desoldering braid, remove the coin cells.

5)  Go to Radio Shack and buy two AAA battery holders.  I used these:


6)  Solder one AAA holder in place of each of the coin cells that you removed.  Be sure to observe polarity.

solder wires in


7)  Using the shaft of your soldering iron, melt a hole in the side of the enclosure so that the wires from the battery holders can exit.  You’ll also want to melt a corresponding hole in the cover.

8)  Mix up some 2-part epoxy, and epoxy the wires to the enclosure.  This step probably is not necessary, but I don’t want to burn my eyeballs again.


9) Wait for the epoxy to dry.  Take this opportunity to clean all the viewing windows with Windex and a lint-free cloth, then  reassemble the unit.  There are four friction pins which seem to hold everything together just fine.


10)   Re-install the electronics housing into the helmet.  Re-attach the darkness adjustment dial.

11)  Glue the two AAA holders to the inside of the helmet.  I initially used the same epoxy that I used to hold the wires in place, but it didn’t bond to either the plastic of the helmet or the plastic in the battery holders.  I ended up using my hot glue gun, which worked very well.



12)   Install four AAA batteries, and then test your helmet.  I found – quite by accident – that the helmet will darken when you look at a halogen light bulb.

13)  Go weld stuff.

Good luck with your repair!


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6 Comments for this entry

  • Mike Johnson

    VERY timely! My newer (5-10 years old) helmet quit about 2 weeks ago and I was resigned to ‘paying the piper’ but Googled it first and got your EXCELLENT post. So, I ordered the battery holders and de-soldering braid from Radio Shack and tried the ‘fix’ on the newer one of 2 that I have (the older one doesn’t come apart so easy) and, thanks to your step by step instructions and photos, it works! I’m using Coppertop AAAs for now but ordered some rechargeable ones to see if the helmet’s solar charger will work with them – Again, THANK YOU for an extremely well-written post! I’m a ‘happy camper’, again!

  • curtis bartell

    the entire unit can be purchased on e-bay complete for 10.00. I don’t think you can even buy batteries for that much

  • Lisa

    Great post, great way to repair!

  • Robert Beall

    photo optic powered auto darkening, started getting flashes from the first spark and sometimes doesn’t work at all, I don’t think there batteries in the unit.

  • r

    Sorry but I have to ask.. why not only use one battery pack and connect it in parallel?

  • pete kennard

    Just seen your welding mask repair. The mask i have had for about 15 years, and never worked. Checked the batteries,and one was dead. Off to the local electronics store, to get some AAA batteries and holders. Thanks for the tip

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